David de Lange – “Suikerbossie” (Sugarbush) 1936 / Doris Day and Frankie Laine version (1952)

Solomon Linda and the Evening Birds – “Mbube” (1939) / The Weavers “Wimoweh” (1951) / Yma Sumac “Wimoweh” (1952) / Miriam Makeba “Mbube” (1960) / The Tokens – “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” (1969) / Tight Fit – “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” (1982) [music video] / R.E.M. – “The Sidewinder Sleeps Tonight” (1992) / “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” in Disney’s The Lion King (1994) / Ladysmith Black Mambazo with the Mint Julips – “Mbube (The Lion Sleeps Tonight)” (1990s) / Nsync “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” (ca. 1997) / “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” performed by the French animated duo Pat et Stanley (aka Hippo and Dog) (2000s)

The history of Mbube/Wimoweh/The Lion Sleeps Tonight (Wikipedia)


Mouth Bow player from neighboring Botswana

Kalimba (aka “mbira”) players in South Africa

South African concertina


Ethnic groups in South AfricaThe colonization of South Africa / The Dutch East India Company / The Afrikaans languageA brief history of apartheid (“apartness”) / Another brief history / Wiki entry on pass laws /  Wiki entry on bantustan / Brief bio of Nelson Mandela / Political history of post-apartheid South Africa / Controversy over the recently passed “Secrecy Bill”

Freedom song – “Freedom is coming”

10 minute video biography of Miriam Makeba

Miriam Makeba “Pata Pata” (ca. 1967)”  / Version by French-American singer and actress Arielle Dombasle with Malian rapper Mokobé (2011) /  Remix by German house music producers Milk & Honey (2011)

Hugh Masekela “Stimela (The Coal Train)” [live performance from Amandla!]

Miriam Makeba with Hugh Masekela “South African freedom song”

Peter Gabriel live performance of “Biko” (1986)” dedicated to the anti-apartheid activist Stephen Biko

About toyi-toyi Toyi-toyi scene in the film Stander (2003)


Isicathamiya — genre that evolved out of mbube

Mbaqanga — with Mahotella Queens video (1974)

Several tracks from the Next Stop Soweto compilation described in the link above: The Mgababa Queens “Maphuthi” / S. Pilso & His Super Seven – “Kuya Hanjwa” (instrumental) / The Big Four “Wenzani Umoya” / Ubhekitche Namajongosi – “Umaduna Omnyama”

Ladysmith Black Mambazo and Paul Simon “Diamonds on the Souls of Her Shoes” from Paul Simon’s Graceland album (1986) — A recent article article in Glide Magazine discusses Graceland, covering the controversy and critical acclaim surrounding the album, as well as its influence on world music, on the occasion of a 2011 re-release and upcoming 2012 Paul Simon tour featuring Ladysmith Black Mambazo.

Kwaito (the genre examined in Cape Town magazine): Arthur Mafokate “Don’t Call Me Kaffir” (1995)

Die Antwoord “Enter the Ninja” (2009)Pitchfork profile

Spoek Mathambo “War on Words” (2011) — Guardian profile of Mathambo and of 21st century kwaito